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Carl Fiedler

Research Professor of Silviculture

  • College of Forestry and Conservation
  • 32 Campus Drive
  • The University of Montana
  • Missoula, MT 59812

Education

B.S. (Forest Science) University of Montana
M.S. (Silviculture) University of Montana
Ph.D. (Silviculture and Forest Ecology) University of Minnesota

Research Interests

My research interests include multiresource management and operations in second-growth forests, principles and applications of uneven-aged silviculture, forest and ecological restoration, evaluation of the effectiveness and costs of hazard reduction treatments, and old-growth stand dynamics.

Selected Publications

Fiedler, C.E., Metlen, K.L., and E.K. Dodson. 2010. Restoration treatment effects on stand structure, tree growth, and fire hazard in a ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forest in Montana. Forest Science 56: 18-31.

McKinney, S.T. and C.E. Fiedler. 2010. Tree squirrel habitat selection and predispersal seed predation in a declining subalpine conifer. Oecologia 162: 697-707.

Schwilk, D.W., J.E. Keeley, E.E. Knapp, J. McIver, J.D. Bailey, C.J.Fettig, C.E. Fiedler, R.J. Harrod, J.J. Moghaddas, K.W. Outcalt, C.N.Skinner, S.L. Stephens, T.A. Waldrop, D.A. Yaussy, and A. Youngblood. 2009. The national Fire and Fire Surrogate study: effects of fuel reduction methods on forest vegetation structure and fuels. Ecological Applications 19: 285-304.

McKinney, S.T., Fiedler, C.E., and D.F. Tomback. 2009. Invasive pathogen threatens bird–pine mutualism: implications for sustaining a high-elevation ecosystem. Ecological Applications 19: 597–607.

Stephens, S.L., Moghaddas, J.J., Edminster, C., Fiedler, C.E., Haase, S., Harrington, M., Keeley, J.E., Knapp, E., McIver, J.D., Metlen, K., Skinner, C., and A. Youngblood. 2009. Fire and fire surrogate treatment effects on vegetation structure, fuels, and potential fire behavior and severity from six western United States coniferous forests. Ecological Applications 19:305–320.

Arno, S.F., Fiedler, C.E., and M.K. Arno. 2008. Giant Pines and Grassy Glades: The historic ponderosa ecosystem - disappearing icon of the American West. Forest History Today 2008 (2): 12-19.

Dodson, E.K., Metlen, K.L., and C.E. Fiedler. 2007. Common and uncommon understory species differentially respond to restoration treatments in ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forests in Montana. Restoration Ecology 15: 696-708.

Fiedler, C.E., Friederici, P., Petruncio, M., Denton, C., and W.D. Hacker. 2007. Managing for old growth in frequent-fire forests. Ecology and Society 12(2): 1-12.
 
Dodson, E.K. and C.E. Fiedler. 2006. Impacts of restoration treatments on alien plant invasion in Pinus ponderosa forests, Montana, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 887-897.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Metlen, K.L., and E.K. Dodson. 2006. Restoration/fuels reduction treatments differentially affect native and exotic understory species in a ponderosa pine forest (Montana). Ecological Restoration 24: 44-46.
 
Metlen, K.L. and C.E. Fiedler. 2006. Restoration treatment effects on the understory of ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forests of western Montana, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 222: 355-369.

Gundale, M.J., Metlen, K.L., Fiedler, C.E., and T.H. DeLuca. 2006. Nitrogen spatial heterogeneity influences diversity following restoration treatments in a ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forest, Montana. Ecological Applications 16: 479-489.

Gundale, M.J., DeLuca, T.H., Fiedler, C.E., Ramsey, P.W., Harrington, M.G., and J.E. Gannon. 2005. Restoration treatments in a Montana ponderosa pine forest: effects on soil physical, chemical and biological properties. Forest Ecology and Management 213: 25-38.

Arno, S.F. and C.E. Fiedler. 2005. Applying fire ecology to forest management: Picking up mixed signals. Western Forester 50: 12-20.
 
Arno, S.F. and C.E. Fiedler. 2005. Mimicking Nature's Fire: Restoring fire-prone forests in the West. Island Press. Washington, DC. 242 p.
 
Keegan, C.E., Fiedler, C.E., and T.A. Morgan. 2004. Wildfire in Montana: Potential hazard reduction and economic impacts of a strategic treatment program. Forest Products Journal: 54: 21-25.
 
Fiedler, C.E. and M.G. Harrington. 2004. Restoring vigor and reducing hazard in an old-growth western larch stand (Montana). Ecological Restoration 22: 133-134
 
Metlen, K.L., Fiedler, C.E., and A. Youngblood. 2004. Understory response to fuel reduction treatments in the Blue Mountains of northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 78: 175-185.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Keegan, C.E., Woodall, C.W., and T.A. Morgan. 2004. A strategic assessment of crown fire hazard in Montana: Potential effectiveness and costs of hazard reduction treatments. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-622. 48 p.
 
Woodall, C.W., Fiedler, C.E., and K.S. Milner. 2003. Inter-tree competition in uneven-aged ponderosa pine stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 1719-1726.
 
Fiedler, C.E. and C.E. Keegan. 2003. Treatment effectiveness in reducing crown fire hazard in fire-adapted forests of New Mexico. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station Proc. RMRS-P-29. p. 39-48.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 2003. Managing Montana's forests: Past, present, and future. In: Governor's Conference on Forestry in Montana. Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station Proc. p. 27-30.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Keegan, C.E., Morgan, T.A., and C.W. Woodall. 2003. Fire hazard and potential treatment effectiveness: A statewide assessment in Montana. Journal of Forestry 101: 7.
 
Woodall, C.W., Fiedler, C.E., and K.S. Milner. 2003. Stand density index in uneven-aged ponderosa pine stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 96-100.
 
Fiedler, C.E. and T.A. Morgan. 2002. Mortality as a source of coarse woody debris in managed stands. USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. p. 637-648.
 
Keegan, C.E., Morgan, T.A., Hearst, A.L. and C.E. Fiedler. 2002. Impacts of the 2000 wildfires on forest industry employment. Montana Business Quarterly 40: 8-13.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 2002. Natural process-based management of fire-adapted western forests. In: Small Diameter Timber: Resource Management, Manufacturing, and Markets. Washington State University Cooperative Extension Proc. p. 147-151.
 
Keegan, C.E., Niccolucci, M.J., Fiedler, C.E., Jones, J.G., and R.W. Regel. 2002. Harvest cost collection approaches and associated equations for restoration treatments on national forests. Forest Products Journal: 52: 96-99.
 
Morgan, T.A., Fiedler, C.E., and C.W. Woodall. 2002. Characteristics of dry site old-growth ponderosa pine in the Bull Mountains of Montana, USA. Natural Areas Journal 22: 11-19.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Arno, S.F., Keegan, C.E., and K.A. Blatner. 2001. Overcoming America's wood deficit: An overlooked option. BioScience 51: 53-58.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 2000. Restoration treatments promote growth and reduce mortality of old-growth ponderosa pine (Montana). Ecological Restoration 18: 117-119.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 2000. Understanding the ecosystem: Its parts and processes - Silvicultural treatments. In Proceedings: The Bitterroot Ecosystem Management Research Project: What we have learned. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station Proc. RMRS-P-17. p. 19-20.
 
Wagner, F.G., Fiedler, C.E., and C.E. Keegan. 2000. Processing value of small-diameter sawtimber at conventional stud sawmills and modern high-speed, small-log sawmills in the western United States - A comparison. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 15: 208-212.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Keegan, C.E., Arno, S.F., and D.P. Wichman. 1999. Product and economic implications of ecosystem restoration. Forest Products Journal 49: 19-23.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Arno, S.F., and M.G. Harrington. 1998. Reintroducing fire in ponderosa pine-fir forests after a century of fire exclusion. Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings, No. 20. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL. p. 245-249.

Fiedler, C.E., Keegan, C.E., and S.F. Arno. 1997. Utilization as a component of restoring ecological processes in ponderosa pine forests. USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-100. p 24-29.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 1996. Silvicultural applications: Restoring ecological structure and process in ponderosa pine forests. USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. p 39-40.
 
Steele, B.M. and C.E. Fiedler. 1996. Kalman filter analysis of growth-climate relationships in old-growth ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir stands. Radiocarbon 38: 303-314.
 
Fiedler, C.E., Arno, S.F., and M.G. Harrington. 1996. Flexible silvicultural and prescribed burning approaches for improving health of ponderosa pine forests. USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-278. p. 69-74.
 
Keegan, C.E., Fiedler, C.E., and F.J. Stewart. 1995. Cost of timber harvest under traditional and "New Forestry" silvicultural prescriptions. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 10: 36-42
 
Arno, S.F., Harrington, M.G., Fiedler, C.E., and C.E. Carlson. 1995. Restoring fire-dependent ponderosa pine forests in western Montana. Restoration and Management Notes 13: 32-36.
 
Fiedler, C.E. and J.F. Cully, Jr. 1995. A silvicultural approach to develop Mexican spotted owl habitat in Southwest forests. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 10: 144-148.
 
Keegan, C.E., Fiedler, C.E., and D.P. Wichman. 1995. Costs associated with harvest activities for major harvest systems in Montana. Forest Products Journal 45: 78-82.
 
Fiedler, C.E. and D.A. Lloyd. 1995. Autecology and synecology of western larch. USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Gen. Tech. Rep. GTR-INT-319. p 118-122.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 1995. Natural regeneration and early height development of western larch in subalpine forests. USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Gen. Tech. Rep. GTR-INT-319. p 192-196.
 
Fiedler, C.E. 1995. The basal area - maximum diameter - q (BDq) approach to regulating uneven-aged stands. Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station Misc. Publ. No. 56. p. 94-109.