Paul Krausman

Photo of Krausman, Paul

Paul Krausman

Boone and Crockett Professor of Wildlife Conservation


Ph.D., Wildlife Science, 1976
University of Idaho, Moscow
Advisor: E.D. Ables

M.S., Wildlife Science, 1971
New Mexico State University, Las Cruces
Advisor: V.W. Howard, Jr.

B.S., Zoology, 1968
Ohio State University, Columbus

Teaching Experience

Over my career I taught a variety of courses from anatomy and physiology to advanced wildlife courses. Those I enjoy most are the classes that help students think and develop professionally. I am using my editorial experience with numerous regional, national, and international journals to teach a graduate class in scientific writing for publication (in even years). In odd years I will teach a graduate colloquium related to big game ecology. I will also teach an undergraduate class each year that will provide opportunities for wildlife students to apply their knowledge to contemporary natural resource situations.

Graduate Students

M.S. Degrees Completed

  • B. J. McIntosh.  1981.  Elk and mule deer distributions after a cattle introduction in Northern Arizona.
  • M. Chilelli.  1981.  Group organization and activity patterns of desert bighorn sheep.
  • J. P. Gionfriddo.  1984.  Summer habitat use by mountain sheep.
  • M. C. Wallace.  1984.  Habitat use by elk, mule deer, and cattle in Arizona.
  • J. J. Hervert.  1985.  Mule deer use of water developments in Arizona.
  • M. P. Lipson.  1985.  Macroparasites in three species of desert lagomorphs.
  • L. L. Ordway.  1985.  Habitat use by desert mule deer.
  • D. L. Scarbrough.  1985.  Sexual segregation by desert mule deer.
  • D. R. Smith.  1985.  Movements, habitat use, and forage use of reintroduced desert bighorn sheep.
  • G. D. Warrick.  1985.  Mountain sheep foraging behavior.
  • J. E. Hazam.  1987.  Desert mule deer water consumption in south-centralArizona
  • J. A. Alderman.  1987.  Diel activity patterns of female desert bighorn sheep in western Arizona.
  • R. C. Etchberger.  1988.  Mountain sheep habitat characteristics in the Pusch Ridge Wilderness, Arizona.
  • R. Mazaika.  1989.  Desert bighorn sheep and nutritional carrying capacity in the Pusch Ridge Wilderness.
  • J. Cashman.  1991.  Desert mule deer response to mitigation along the Hayden-Rhodes aqueduct, Arizona.
  • G. C. Carmichael.  1991.  Fences as barriers to desert mule deer to desert mule deer along canals in central Arizona.
  • E. Bellantoni. 1991. Habitat use by desert mule deer and collared peccary in an urban environment.
  • C. Hayes. 1992.  Nocturnal activity of female desert mule deer.
  • M.Weisenberger.  1992. Influence of noise on behavior of desert ungulates.
  • L. Berner. 1992.  Habitat selection by mountain sheep in Mojave Desert shrub.
  • K. Fox. 1992.  Fawning habitat of desert mule deer in the Belmont and Big Horn, Mountains, Arizona.
  • S. Albert. 1992.  Desert mule deer and forage resources in southeastern Arizona.
  • M. Zine. 1992.  Resource use and dominance of relationships of mountain sheep.
  • L. Domler. 1993.  Desert mule deer home-range and the CAP.
  • B. Martin. 1995. Ecology of the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in a desert grassland community in southern Arizona.
  • R. Spaulding.  1996.  Diet and observer bias in scat analysis of gray wolves.
  • M. Reynolds.  1997.  Effects of burning on birds in mesquite-grassland.
  • L. Fox.  1997.  Nutritional content of forage in Sonoran pronghorn habitat, Arizona.
  • K. Schoenecker.  1997.   Human disturbances in bighorn sheep habitat, Pusch Ridge Wilderness, Arizona.
  • J. Tull.  1997.  Desert mule deer use of a corridor and surrounding habitats.
  • C. Fitzgerald.  1997.  Potential impacts of rangeland manipulation on desert rodent communities.
  • P. Devers.  1999.  Public attitudes, wildlife, and recreation management in Pusch Ridge Wilderness, Arizona.
  • K. Koenen.  1999.  Seasonal densities and habitat use of desert mule deer in a semidesert grassland.
  • R. Popowski.  1999.  An evaluation of wildlife crossings over the Tucson Aqueduct.
  • H. Boyd.  2001.  Habitat selection of desert mule deer in a controlled environment.
  • C. Brown.  2001.  Habitat characteristics of 3 leoporids species in southeastern Arizona.
  • C. O. O’Brien.  2002.  Influence of coyotes on habitat use by mule deer and collared peccary.
  • Casey.  2002.  Suburban residents knowledge and attitudes toward pumas.
  • D. Sanchez.  2002.  Ecological role of carnivore scat in the Sonoran desert.
  • Gottesman.  2002.  Movements and habitat use of the brush mouse.
  • P. Bangs.  2002.  Habitat use by female desert bighorn sheep in the Fra Cristobal Mountains, New Mexico.
  • M. C. Rodriguez.  2002.  Attitudes of Mexicans about wolf translocations in Mexico. 
  • D. Nelson.  2003.  Use of acoustic telemetry to foraging behavior of mule deer.
  • A. Heydlauff.  2003.  Perceptions regarding elk and elk management in northern Arizona.
  • H. Johnson.  2004.  Antler breakage in tule elk, Owens Valley, California: nutritional causes and behavioral consequences.
  • M. Bucci.  2005.  Bat occurrence, activity, and use of Montezuma Castle, Tonto, and Tuzigoot National Monuments, Arizona.
  • B. Jansen.  2005.  Surface mining, infectious keratoconjunctivitis and bighorn sheep.
  • C. Billington.  2005.  Monitoring illegal activity on wildlands.
  • R. Wilson.  2006.  Sonoran pronghorn ecology.
  • S. Grubbs. 2007.  Urban coyote ecology.

Ph.D. Degrees Completed

  • B. D. Leopold.  1984.  Ecology of the desert mule deer in Big Bend National Park, Texas.
  • K. R. Rautenstrauch.  1987.  Ecology of desert mule deer in southwestern Arizona.
  • J. R. Morgart.  1990.  Desert bighorn sheep forage relationships in the Virgin Mountains, Arizona.
  • M. C. Wallace.  1991.  Elk habitat use in the White Mountains, Arizona.
  • R. C. Etchberger.  1993.  Mountain sheep microsite habitat charactistics in in western Arizona.    
  • W. B. Ballard.  1993.  Demographics, movements and predation rates of wolves in Northwest Alaska.
  • B. Czech  1997. The Endangered Species Act, American democracy, and an omnibus role for public policy.
  • M. Grinder. 1999.  Ecology of coyotes in Tucson, Arizona.
  • L. Tarango.  2000.  Desert bighorn sheep in Mexico.
  • C. Williams.  2002.  Ecology of elephants (co-advisor from Wildlife Institute of India).
  • K.J. Brunjes. 2005.  Habitat use by sympatric mule deer and white tailed deer in texas (co-advisor, Texas Tech University, Lubbock).
  • J. Marshal.  2005.  Desert Interactions of mule deer vegetation, and water in the Sonoran Desert.
  • C. Alcala.  2005.  Response of desert mule deer to habitat alterations in the lower Sonoran Desert.
  • J. W. Cain.  2006.  Responses of desert bighorn sheep to the removal of anthropogenic water sources.
  • R. F. Seegmiller.  2007.  Desert bighorn sheep and their habitat.

Current Graduate Students

  • C. Crawford (M.S.) Behavior of pronghorn, University of Arizona.
  • D. Stark (M.S.) Ecology of Mexican wolves, University of Arizona.
  • S. Grubbs (M.S.) Urban coyote ecology, University of Arizona.
  • J. Merkle (M.S.) Urban black bears, Missoula, MT, University of Montana.
  • J. Delbridge (M.S.) Wolves on the Rocky Mountain Front, University of Montana.
  • C. Varas (Ph.D.) Contrasting black bear populations, University of Arizona.
  • K. Nicholson (Ph.D)  Urban mountain lion ecology, University of Arizona.
  • S. Nitraj (Ph.D.) Benefits of CITES to wildlife, University of Arizona.
  • R. Carrera (Ph.D) Desert mule deer limiting factors in Central Arizona, University of Arizona (Co-
    Advisor, Texas Tech University, Lubbock).
  • C.A. Cariappa (Ph.D) Estimating population size of Mexican wolves in Arizona and New Mexico,
    University of Arizona (Co-Advisor, Texas Tech University, Lubbock).


Note to Prospective Graduate Students

One role of a wildlife professor is to prepare future leaders for the challenges wildlife conservation and management will face in this and future centuries.  As such my philosophy is to provide as many opportunities to my students working with me as I can.  This all depends on funds.  Hence, numerous well qualified students have difficulty obtaining acceptance to their primary choice of graduate schools.  For example, the Wildlife Biology Program generally accepts less than 10% of applicants.  I accepted two students last year and have plans to accept 2 more in 2008 (one of which I have been communicating with for over a year).  If you are interested in working with me, by all means apply to the program, but also contact me so I can get to know you and give you a realistic idea of the opportunities I anticipate. 

Research Interests

While at the University of Arizona my research was related to life history characteristics of large mammals and mechanisms to minimize human alteration of their habitats. Most of the research conducted by my graduate students and me was on public lands. As the Boone and Crockett Professor of Wildlife Conservation I will continue to work with large ungulates and predators and mechanisms to enhance and maintain the habitats on which they depend. My initial plans are to develop a research program at the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch, Dupuyer, Montana (see Boone and Crockett below). As I develop my research, I plan to initiate a monitoring program and work with surrounding managers of public and private lands to study large mammals and their habitats across the Rocky Mountain Front. I will also, pursue other research opportunities where my students and I can make a contribution toward scientific wildlife management.

Ongoing Research

Suburban and Exurban Influences on Fish and Wildlife
Wolf ecology in the Southwest
Urban coyotes in Tucson, Arizona
Mountain lions and urbanization in Arizona
Desert mule deer and canals
Black bears and Sky Islands
Black bears and urbanization, Missoula, Montana
CITES and wildlife in India
Wolves on the Rocky Mountain Front
Ungulate ecology on the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch

Professional Experience

Professor and Research Scientist, 1987-2007
University of Arizona, Tucson

Associate Director, Agricultural Experiment Station (50%), 1989-2000
University of Arizona, Tucson

Associate Professor and Associate Research Scientist, 1982-1987
University of Arizona, Tucson

Assistant Professor and Assistant Research Scientist, 1978-1982
University of Arizona, Tucson

Assistant Professor, 1976-1978
Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama

Scientific Research Assistant, 1968-1972
United States Air Force

Selected Publications

Suburban and Exurban Influences on Fish and Wildlife

KRAUSMAN, P. R.  2002.  Introduction to wildlife management, the basics.  Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,  New Jersey, USA.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., AND R. T. BOWYER.  2003.  Mountain sheep.  Pages 1095-1115 in Mammals of North America.  G. Feildhamner, and J. Chapman, editors.  The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

KRAUSMAN, P. R., V. C. BLEICH, J. W. CAIN III, T. R. STEPHENSON, D. W. DEYOUNG, P. W. MCGRATH, P. K. SWIFT, B. M. PIERCE, and B. D. JANSEN.  2004.  From the field: neck lesions in ungulates from collars incorporating satellite technology.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 32:987-991.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., L. K. HARRIS, C. L. BLASCH, K. K. G. KOENEN, AND J. FRANCINE.  2004.  Effects of military operations on behavior and hearing of endangered Sonoran pronghorn.  Wildlife Monographs.  157:1-66.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., L. K. HARRIS, S. K. HAAS, K. K. G. KOENEN, P. DEVERS, D. BUNTING, and M. BARB.  2005.  Sonoran pronghorn habitat use on landscapes disturbed by military activities.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:16-23.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., B. M. JANSEN, J. R. HEFFELFINGER, C. R. ANDERSON, J. C. DEVOS, JR., and T. NOON.  2005.  Desert bighorn sheep, disease, and urbanization.  Game and Wildlife Science 6:715-719.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., and S. M. MORALES.  2005.  Acinonyx jubatus.  Mammalian Species 771:1-6.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., S. S. ROSENSTOCK, L. K. HARRIS, J. R. MORGART, J.W. CAIN III, and C. O. O’BRIEN.  2005.  Introduction: Management for the survival of Sonoran pronghorn in the United States.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:5-7.

JANSEN, B. D., J. R. HEFFELFINGER, T. H. NOON, P. R. KRAUSMAN, and J. C. deVOS, Jr.  2006.  Infectious keratoconjunctivitis in bighorn sheep, Silverbell Mountains, Arizona, USA.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42:407-411.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., J. AVEY, P. K. DEVERS, J. C. TULL, B. D. JANSEN, and J. W. CAIN III.  2006.  Distances moved by startled desert mule deer.  Southwestern Naturalist 51:436-439.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., M. I. GRINDER, P. S. GIPSON, G. L. ZUERCHER, and G. C. STEWART.  2006.  Molecular identification of coyote feces in an urban environment. Southwestern Naturalist 51:122-126.

KRAUSMAN, P. R., S. S. ROSENSTOCK, and J. W. CAIN III.  2006.  Developed waters for wildlife: science,
perception, values, and controversy.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:563-569.