Christopher Keyes

Photo of Keyes, Christopher

Christopher Keyes

Associate Director, Montana Forest & Conservation Experiment Station

Curriculum Vitae: View/Download CV

Personal Summary

The MFCES is the research arm of the W.A. Franke College of Forestry & Conservation. As MFCES Associate Director, I develop and administer annual budgets, supervise staff, conduct strategic long-range planning, and provide administrative oversight of the MFCES Field Stations: 28,000-acre Lubrecht Experimental Forest and 3,600-acre Bandy Experimental Ranch. I also hold the rank of Research Professor in the Department of Forest Management. Previously I was Research Associate Professor of Silviculture (2007-2014) and Director of the Applied Management Program (2007-17) at UM, and Assistant Professor of Silviculture at Humboldt State University (2001-2007).


Ph.D. 2002, Oregon State University - Silviculture, Regeneration, Forest Health Protection

M.S. 1996, University of Montana - Silviculture, Forest Stand Dynamics

B.A. 1990, Holy Cross College - International Development

Research Interests

My research focuses on the development and evaluation of silvicultural practices for the stewardship, restoration, and renewal of Rocky Mountain forests. Common research themes include fuels treatments and dynamics, forest regeneration and productivity, and novel strategies for creating and sustaining complex stand structures.


I have been a member of the Society of American Foresters (SAF) since 1992 and hold the SAF Certified Forester (CF) credential. I am a member of the Society for Range Management and the Society for Ecological Restoration.


I am an avid motorcyclist (BMW R1200GS Adventure) and am the President of the Montana BMW Riders.

Selected Publications

* Refereed

Crotteau, J.S., S.M. Hood, D.C. Lutes, C.R. Keyes, A. Sala, and M.G. Harrington. 2018. Management and succession at the Lick Creek Demonstration/Research Forest, Montana. Journal of Forestry 116(5):481-486. DOI:10.1093/jofore/fvy030.*

Crotteau, J.S., C.R. Keyes, S.M. Hood, A.J. Larson, E.K. Sutherland, D.K. Wright, and J.M. Egan. 2018. Stand dynamics 11 years after retention harvest in a lodgepole pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management 427:169-181. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2018.05.013.*

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, and D.S. Page-Dumroese. 2018. Negligible impacts of biomass removal on Douglas-fir growth 29 years after outplanting in the northern Rocky Mountains. Biomass & Bioenergy 108:236-243. DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.11.012.*

Matt, C.P., C.R. Keyes, and R.K. Dumroese. 2018. Biochar effects on the nursery propagation of 4 northern Rocky Mountain native plant species. Native Plants Journal 19(1):14-26.*

O’Hara, K.L., L.P. Leonard, C.R. Keyes, and L. Narayan. 2018. Ch. 12 – Actividades de restauración en bosques jóvenes de Sequoia sempervirens: Implicaciones para la restauración de otros tipos de bosques (Restoration activities in young Sequoia sempervirens forests: Implications for restoration in other forest types). P. 233-244 in: P.J Donoso, A. Promis, and D.P. Soto, eds., Silvicultura en Bosques Nativos: Avances en la Investigacion en Chile, Argentina, y Nueva Zelandia. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.

Williams, H., S.M. Hood, C.R. Keyes, J.M. Egan, and J. Negron. 2018. Subwatershed-level lodgepole pine attributes associated with a mountain pine beetle outbreak. Forests 9(9):552, 17 p. DOI:10.3390/f9090552.*

Clyatt, K.A., C.R. Keyes, and S.M. Hood. 2017. Long-term effects of fuel treatments on aboveground biomass accumulation in ponderosa pine forests of the northern Rocky Mountains. Forest Ecology and Management 400:587-599. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2017.06.021.*

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, and D.S. Page-Dumroese. 2017. Long-term regeneration responses to overstory retention and understory vegetation treatments in the northern Rocky Mountains. Forest Science 63:136-146. DOI:10.5849/forsci.16-044.*

Keyes, C.R., and C.M. Brissette. 2017. Effect of container size and design on morphological attributes of Cercocarpus ledifolius Nutt. (curlleaf mountain mahogany) seedlings. Tree Planters’ Notes 60(1):37-43.*

Teraoka, J.R., P.J. van Mantgem, and C.R. Keyes. 2017. Low thinning and crown thinning of two intensities as restoration tools at Redwood National Park. P. 259-266 In: R. Standiford and Y. Valachovic, tech. coords., Proceedings of the Coast Redwood Forest Symposium – 2016, Eureka, CA, 13-15 Sep 2016. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-258.*

Crotteau, J.C., C.R. Keyes, E.K. Sutherland, D.K. Wright, and J.M. Egan. 2016. Forest fuels and potential fire behaviour twelve years after variable-retention harvest in lodgepole pine. International Journal of Wildland Fire 25:633-645. DOI:10.1071/WF14223.*

Jang, W., D. S. Page-Dumroese, and C.R. Keyes. 2016. Long-term soil changes from forest harvesting and residue management in the northern Rocky Mountains. Soil Science Society of America Journal 80:727-741. DOI:10.2136/sssaj2015.11.0413.*

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, and D.S. Page-Dumroese. 2016. Recovery and diversity of the forest shrub community 38 years after biomass harvesting in the northern Rocky Mountains. Biomass & Bioenergy 92:88-97. DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.06.009.*

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, and J.M. Graham. 2016. Evaluation of predictive models for Douglas-fir bark thickness following 12 biomass harvest treatments. Biomass & Bioenergy 84:118-123. DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.11.015.*

Stover, K.C., and C.R. Keyes. 2016. Forest fuels and wildfire hazard in two fire-excluded old-growth ponderosa pine stands: Contrasting stand-average calculations with measures of spatial heterogeneity. Journal of Biodiversity Management and Forestry 5:2. DOI:10.4172/2327-4417.1000158. 8 p.*

Dodson, E.M., S. Hayes, J. Meek, and C.R. Keyes. 2015. Montana logging machine rates. International Journal of Forest Engineering 26(2). 11p. DOI:10.1080/14942119.2015.1069497.*

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, and D. Page-Dumroese. 2015. Impact of biomass harvesting on forest soil productivity in the northern Rocky Mountains. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-341. 35 p.

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, and D.S. Page-Dumroese. 2015. Long-term effects on distribution of forest biomass following different harvesting levels in the northern Rocky Mountains. Forest Ecology and Management 358:281-290. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.09.024.*

Jang, W., C.R. Keyes, S.W. Running, J.-H. Lim, and P.S. Park. 2015. Climate-growth relationships of relict Picea jezoensis at Mt. Gyebang, South Korea. Forest Science and Technology 11(1):19-26. DOI:10.1080/21580103.2014.940001.*

Keyes, C.R., and R. Manso. 2015. Climate-influenced ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) seed masting trends in western Montana, USA. Forest Systems 24(1):e021. 7p. DOI:10.5424/fs/2015241-05606.*

Keyes, C.R., T.E. Perry, E.K. Sutherland, D.K. Wright, and J.M. Egan. 2014. Variable-retention harvesting as a silvicultural option for lodgepole pine. Journal of Forestry. 112(5):440-445. DOI:10.5849/jof.13-100*

Keyes, C.R., and E.K. Teraoka. 2014. Structure and composition of old-growth and second-growth riparian forests at Redwood National Park, USA. Forests 5:256-268. DOI:10.3390/f5020256.*